10 οχυρά και υπόγεια καταφύγια μεταμορφώνονται και ξαναζούν

10 οχυρά και υπόγεια καταφύγια μεταμορφώνονται και ξαναζούν

Ο φωτογράφος του Reuters Arnd Wiegmann επισκέφθηκε από κοντά μερικές από τις χιλιάδες στρατιωτικές αποθήκες και τα άλλα τόσα φρούρια που βρίσκονται διάσπαρτα σε όλη την Ελβετία, κάποια εκ των οποίων χρονολογούνται από το Β’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο.
Σήμερα, το μεγαλύτερος μέρος αυτών των αποθηκών είναι παροπλισμένο και διατίθεται προς πώληση, μια και η απειλή μια άμεσης εισβολής έχει πλέον εξαφανιστεί.
Μερικά από τα φρούρια λειτουργούν τώρα ως μουσεία, άλλα έχουν μετατραπεί σε εμπορικές επιχειρήσεις, ορισμένα έχουν γίνει αποθήκες ωρίμανσης τυριών, κάποια «αγροκτήματα» για καλλιέργεια μανιταριών και άλλα κέντρα δεδομένων.

Αυτές είναι 10 από τις πιο εντυπωσιακές «μεταμορφώσεις» τους:

A view shows the restaurant at the Hotel La Claustra in a former Swiss army bunker on the St. Gotthard mountain pass, Switzerland August 8, 2014. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY PICTURE 23 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RTX21EVC
Αγελάδες μπροστά σε ένα πυροβόλο όπλο στο πρώην οχυρό του ελβετικού στρατού στην πόλη Faulensee. Το συγκεκριμένο φρούριο ήταν σε χρήση μεταξύ 1943- 1993 και σήμερα λειτουργεί σαν μουσείο.
A machine-gun bunker, part of a former Swiss artillery fortress called Fuchsegg, is camouflaged as a stable beside the Furka mountain-pass road near the village of Realp, Switzerland August 6, 2015. Fuchsegg fortress, located in the central Swiss Alps, was built in 1943 and remained in military use until 1993. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 2 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EV2
Το καμουφλαρισμένο σε στάβλο οχυρό Fuchsegg υπήρξε αποθήκη για πυροβόλα όπλα. Βρίσκεται στο χωριό Realp.
A former infantry bunker is camouflaged as a medieval house in the town of Duggingen, Switzerland August 19, 2015. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 12 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EUC
Πρώην αποθήκη πεζικού «μεταμφιεσμένη» σε μεσαιωνικού τύπου σπίτι στην πόλη Duggingen.
Alex Lussi of Swiss mushroom producer Gotthard-Pilze picks a shiitake mushroom inside a former ammunition bunker of the Swiss Army near the town of Erstfeld, Switzerland August 29, 2015. In eleven former bunkers Gotthard-Pilze produces some 24 tons of shiitake mushrooms per year. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 19 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EW1
Ο Alex Lussi της ελβετικής εταιρίας παραγωγής μανιταριών Gotthard-Pilze διαλέγει ένα μανιτάρι ποικιλίας shiitake μέσα σε μια πρώην αποθήκη πυρομαχικών, κοντά στο Erstfeld. Η εταιρία εκμεταλλεύεται 11 τέτοιες αποθήκες, όπου παράγει κάθε χρόνο περίπου 24 τόνους μανιταριών, αυτής της ποικιλίας.
Raclette cheeses made by Swiss cheesemaker Seiler Kaeserei AG mature in storage racks in a former ammunition bunker of the Swiss Army in the town of Giswil, Switzerland October 27, 2015. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 18 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EVZ
Τα τυριά Raclette του Ελβετού τυροκόμου Seiler Käserei AG ωριμάζουν σε ράφια αποθήκευσης σε μια πρώην αποθήκη πυρομαχικών του ελβετικού στρατού στην πόλη Giswil.
Camouflaged bunkers of the former artillery fort of the Swiss Army stand (foreground) in the town of Faulensee, Switzerland October 19, 2015. Artillery fort Faulensee was in military use from 1943 to 1993 and is now open to the public as a museum. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 9 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES
Καμουφλαρισμένες αποθήκες του πρώην οχυρού πυροβολικών του Ελβετικού στρατού στην πόλη Faulensee.
A flag flies over an entrance to the former Swiss artillery fortress Sasso da Pigna at the St. Gotthard mountain pass, Switzerland September 2, 2015. Sasso da Pigna fortress, located at 2,106 m (6,909 ft) altitude on the St. Gotthard mountain pass, was built from 1941 to 1945 and remained in military use until 1999. Since 2012 it has been open to the public as Sasso San Gottardo museum. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY PICTURE 20 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY - RTX21EVH
Το σημερινό μουσείο Sasso San Gottardo λειτούργησε σαν στρατιωτικό οχυρό μέχρι το 1999. Άλλαξε ταυτότητα το 2012
An artillery control room is seen in a bunker at a former artillery fort in the town of Faulensee, Switzerland October 19, 2015. Artillery fort Faulensee was in military use from 1943 to 1993 and is now open to the public as a museum. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 3 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EUV
Αίθουσα ελέγχου πυροβολικού σε ένα καταφύγιο εντός πρώην φρουρίου -τώρα μουσείο- στην πόλη Faulensee.
A former control room is seen at a decommissioned Swiss military command bunker near Attinghausen, Switzerland September 2, 2015. Deltalis data centre offers high-security storage of data in server rooms inside the former command bunker, which was built in 1948. With the threat of foreign invasion a thing of the past, thousands of military bunkers and fortresses in Switzerland have been put to commercial use, from hotels to data centres, museums to cheese factories. The Swiss army has sold most of these decommissioned strongholds, but about a thousand unused bunkers remain, many still disguised as houses and barns. REUTERS/Arnd Wiegmann PICTURE 17 OF 27 - SEARCH "SWISS BUNKER" FOR ALL IMAGES - RTX21EW3
Πρώην αίθουσα ελέγχου σε ελβετικό καταφύγιο στρατιωτικής διοίκησης κοντά στο Attinghausen. Το κέντρο δεδομένων Deltalis θεωρείται το ασφαλέστερο του είδους του και είναι στην καρδιά ενός βουνού. Προσφέρει αποθήκευση υψηλής ασφαλείας των δεδομένων και η αποθήκη στην οποία βρίσκεται χτίστηκε το 1948.






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